Posted by: alison-cullingford | April 21, 2010

Quaker pacifists, gentle anarchists

Collection descriptions just added to the Archives Hub. Two fascinating archives crammed with  detail and personalities, which cover how two academics who were also activists studied and worked for nonviolence in Britain and India from the 1950s to the 1970s.

The Papers of Eric Baker. A Quaker pacifist, Eric Baker was an important figure in the founding of Amnesty and in encouraging Quakers to protest against the use of torture.  Correspondence in the archive illustrates these developments.  He made several trips to Cyprus, Greece, and Turkey between 1958 and 1975, and the resulting correspondence and photographs form a particularly interesting part of this archive.

The Papers of Geoffrey Ostergaard.  Dr Ostergaard, an anarchist and pacifist, was drawn to the nonviolent social ideal of Gandhi and the sarvodaya movement which attempted to implement this in India via land distribution.  The archive comprises the material collected by Dr Ostergaard to write his key books such as “The gentle anarchists” (1971) and articles about the movement: surveys, correspondence, press cuttings etc, giving a remarkable insight into how the people involved in sarvodaya felt about it.

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